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How Ownership Structure Influences Firm Performance In Relation To Its Life Cycle

Nur Firdaus, Retno Kusumastuti


Ownership structure is considered to be the most influential component in corporate govern-ance; it is also closely related to firm performance. The current research analyzes the effect of ownership structure (both insider ownership board and managerial ownership, blockholder ownership and institutional ownership concentration pressure-insensitive and pres-sure-sensitive) on firm performance (industry adjusted return on asset/IAROA) based on its life cycle. Life cycle is incorporated into the research to examine whether the effect of own-ership structure on firm performance differs at each stage of the life cycle. The current re-search uses imbalanced panel data consisting of 695 observations of sample firms from the manufacturing, IT, and multimedia firms during the 2005-2010 period. The results show that: (1) insider ownership has a significantly non-linear influence on IAROA, indicated by a U-shaped curve (2) blockholders have a significantly positive effect on IAROA in firms at the mature stage; on the contrary, the effect is significantly negative in firms at the growth stage (3) institutional ownership concentration has a significantly negative effect on IAROA across the samples and a significantly positive effect on firms at the mature stage, and (4) pressure-insensitive and pressure-sensitive institutional ownerships have a positive and significant effect on IAROA in firms at the mature stage; on the contrary, the effect is negative and significant in firms at the growth stage.



Ownership Structure, Firm Performance, Life Cycle Stage, Imbalanced Panel

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